Guidelines on Acute Pulmonary Embolism (Diagnosis and Management of)
Most Recent Guidelines 2019
.2019 Guidelines on Acute Pulmonary Embolism (Diagnosis and Management of)
ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines
This document follows the previous ESC Guidelines focusing on the clinical management of pulmonary embolism (PE), published in 2000, 2008, and 2014. Many recommendations have been retained or their validity has been reinforced; however, new data have extended or modified our knowledge in respect of the optimal diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of patients with PE.
These new aspects have been integrated into previous knowledge to suggest optimal and—whenever possible—objectively validated management strategies for patients with suspected or confirmed PE.
Graphic representation of transthoracic echocardiographic parameters in the assessment of right ventricular pressure overload. A0=peaklatediastolic (during atrial contraction) velocity of tricuspid annulus by tissue Doppler imaging; AcT = right ventricular outflow Doppler acceleration time;Ao = aorta; E0= peak early diastolic velocity of tricuspid annulus by tissue Doppler imaging; IVC = inferior vena cava; LA = left atrium; LV = left ventricle;RA = right atrium; RiHTh = right heart thrombus (or thrombi); RV = right ventricle/ventricular; S0= peak systolic velocity of tricuspid annulus by tissueDoppler imaging; TAPSE = tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion; TRPG = tricuspid valve peak systolic gradient